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>> Check of a condition of the battery, care it and gymnastics
Check of a condition of the battery, care it and зарядка*
* The given procedure THAT also is not included into the Schedule recommended by the manufacturer, the present section is added in the Head Current leaving and service at the initiative of composers in view of special importance of maintenance of the storage battery in good repair at car operation in areas with a frigid climate.
The general information
Performance of checks of a condition and service of the battery demands observance of some special safety measures. Remember that hydrogen allocated with electrolit is explosive gas in the higher measure. Do not smoke, and do not come nearer to a place of work with open fire or the lighted cigarette! Do not forget that actually the electrolit represents the diluted sulfuric acid which at hit in eyes or on open sites of a body is capable to cause strong chemical burns. The electrolit also can easily damage a fabric of clothes and a paint and varnish covering кузовных panels!
At gymnastics of the storage battery follow instructions of manufacturers зарядного devices. If the gymnastics are made without removal from the car, do not forget to disconnect from the battery of a wire for the purpose of elimination of risk of damage of diodes of the generator and various electronic modules.
Established the right back corner of an impellent compartment 12-voltnaja the battery consists of six банок in which positive and negative plates (ламели), shipped in a solution of sulfuric acid are placed. The battery main task is production of the current necessary for realisation of start of the engine, maintenance of ignition/activation of candles накаливания, and also functioning of lighting devices and other onboard and auxiliary consumers of the electric power.
Absolute return of the battery takes place at an ambient temperature 27°С, at-18°S efficiency of return falls to 40 % and for realisation of start of the engine it is required in two with small time of more energy. Two basic indicators, allowing to estimate battery performance data the starting current and reserve capacity are.
The starting current (starting capacity) shows ability of the accumulator to start the engine in the conditions of very cold weather. The given parametre declares current size (in Amperes) which the battery is capable to give within 30 seconds at temperature-18°S without a power failure more low 7.2 In (a minimum level demanded for reliable start). The above given indicator, the more starting capacity of the accumulator.
Reserve capacity shows time in minutes during which the battery is capable to develop a current force of 25 Amperes at 27°С, i.e. the period of the guaranteed functioning of all auxiliary onboard consumers of the electric power in the conditions of bad light exposure/in a rain/in cold weather, and also at the faulty generator.
In winter conditions, at temperatures more low-18°S efficiency of additional charge of the battery decreases in view of increase of internal resistance. In the conditions of an intense city cycle in cold weather of loss of the energy spent by the battery on start of the engine, have not time to be filled during movement on rather short routes in view of what the battery begins works on deterioration, being gradually discharged and, eventually, fails it is irreversible.
In summer months at long trips start it is strong разогретого the engine also can demand considerable (not smaller than in frosty weather) electric power expenses, - told in a special measure concerns the models equipped высококомпрессионными with engines with the big working volume of cylinders, and also to the models equipped with a central air of air.
Leaving and service
- The description of procedures of removal and battery installation is resulted in the Head of System of an electric equipment of the engine.
- Models considered in the present Management are standardly equipped with batteries not requiring leaving. After a fast discharge of the battery (for example if at the idle engine headlights have been left included) the gymnastics should be made within 10 hours per a slow mode. If the discharge occurred during long time (for example, at the raised electric loading at the working engine), will enough charge it within two hours a current force 20-30 And.
- If for protection of the positive polar plug of the accumulator the rubber protector is used, try to check regularly its condition and reliability of fixing. The protector should close completely клеммное connection.
- Periodically examine an external condition of the battery, checking its case on presence of cracks and other mechanical damages.
- Watch reliability of a tightening клеммных clips of wires. Examine wires on all their length, checking on presence of cracks and attritions of isolation and damages токопроводной veins.
- At detection of traces of development of corrosion (a friable touch of white colour) on polar plugs disconnect from the battery both wires and smooth out plugs and клеммные clips a special wire brush. Corrosion development can be minimised by installation of specially processed felt washers, - ask in shops of automobile accessories. Also processing joined клеммных connections бескислотным with vaseline or suitable greasing not less effectively operates.
- Do not forget to check a condition of the adjusting pallet of the battery from time to time. Periodically check reliability of a tightening of fixture of a clamping lath. Traces of development of corrosion can be removed from the pallet, the case of the battery and surrounding surfaces by means of a water solution of baking soda, - put the prepared mix a small brush and after some endurance смойте its plentiful quantity at its finest.
- Подвергшиеся corrosion кузовные it is necessary to cover elements before restoration of a paint and varnish covering a first coat on a zinc basis.
- Before battery installation on the pallet watch, that on a surface of the last no extraneous subjects have been left. Do not tighten клеммные clips of wires with excessive effort.
- On cases of the batteries entering into a standard complete set of cars KIA control labels are usually put, - watch, that level of electrolit did not fall outside the limits a range noted by inscriptions «UPPER LEVEL» and «LOWER LEVEL», in case of need add in corresponding banks the distilled water.
- From time to time check electrolit density with the help ареометра, - the minimum admissible value makes 1200 units.