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The general information
Impellent compartment (on an example of the car equipped with the petrol engine)
The given chapter was made to help on purpose to the owner of the car to support the vehicle in a condition of the maximum readiness for operation, receiving from it effective return with observance of requirements to profitability and safety.
Resulted on сопр. Illustrations the image of a kind of an impellent compartment of petrol model, and also accompanying illustrations to the text will help the reader to understand with placing of components subject to service.
In Section the routine maintenance Schedule is resulted the schedule of routine maintenance of the car, further the sections devoted to a detailed statement of an order of performance by each of procedures separately are offered attention of the reader. Descriptions of visual checks, adjustments, procedures of removal and installation of components are included in a material of sections, and also a various good advice and recommendations.
Serving the car according to the stipulated kilometrazhno-time schedule, and following the detailed recommendations resulted more low, the reader will receive the accurate program of the actions which performance will provide long duration and reliability of service of its vehicle. Remember that the given program is made on a complex basis and performance of its only separate points with neglect others will not lead to desirable result.
Do not forget as well that at car operation in intense conditions maintenance service should be spent more often. The following concerns intense service conditions:
- City cycle (frequent trips on short distances);
- Strong dust content of district;
- Necessity of frequent application of braking;
- Processing of a road covering противогололедными reagents;
- Cold and-or damp climate.
In the course of service of the car the reader will soon be convinced that many procedures can, and should, to be united in the general groups in view of similarity of the nature or affinity of an arrangement of knots. For example, if the car for any reason is lifted over the earth, it is necessary to take advantage of a case and at the same time to check up a condition of components of system of release of the fulfilled gases, a suspension bracket and a steering. Also, having hired динамометрический a key, check up effort of a tightening of all accessible carving fixture. Making rotation of wheels, at the same time estimate a condition of brake mechanisms and wheel bearings.
The first step of service of a vehicle always is self-preparation of the executor. Attentively familiarise with a material of the present chapter, then make the list of components requiring attention, prepare the necessary tool and outline the short plan of forthcoming works. In case of occurrence not giving in to resolution of problems address for the help to experts of car-care centre.
At each service of the car on HUNDRED, reading of codes of malfunctions of electronic devices of a control system of the engine, ABS, SRS and anticreeping system by means of the special scanner is made, - try to visit firm car repair shops from time to time. Thus it is necessary to remember that some malfunctions, for example failed gauges of a control system of the engine, do not lead to appreciable decrease in operational characteristics of the car. All monitors have a mode of emergency functioning or work on the average values brought in memory that frequently cannot be revealed the driver independently. Interrogation of memory of malfunctions is carried out through special diagnostic socket DLC (Power supply systems, managements of the engine/decrease of toxicity of the fulfilled gases and release of the fulfilled gases see).