>> Transmissionnaja line
The general data
Coupling assemblage provides smooth perception of a twisting moment from a flywheel of the engine and its transfer on a primary shaft of a transmission, and also rupture of a stream of capacity during the gear change moments.
On all equipped Manual transmission models one-disk coupling of dry type with диафрагменной a spring is used. The nave of a frictional (conducted) disk of coupling is equipped longitudinal шлицами, entering into gearing with шлицами pins of a primary shaft of a transmission. Frictional and press coupling disks are kept in contact with each other at the expense of the effort developed диафрагменной by a spring of a press disk.
Coupling deenergizing is made in the hydraulic way. The deenergizing drive consists of a pedal of the coupling connected to tank GTTS (the Brake system see the Head) main hydraulic cylinder, connecting lines and executive cylinder, by means of a plug of deenergizing of coupling connected with выжимным the bearing. At squeezing of a pedal of coupling in a hydrodrive path pressure rises, результирующее which influence is put to the external end of a plug of deenergizing. At turn the plug rests fingers in выжимной the bearing which, being displaced, nestles on petals диафрагменной springs of a press disk in assemblage of a basket of coupling. Being curved, the spring deduces press and conducted disks from gearing, interrupting with that transfer of a twisting moment from the engine to a transmission.
The design of coupling applied on petrol models
The design of coupling applied on diesel models
At coupling service, besides replacement of the components having obvious mechanical damages, it is necessary to make some primary checks (it is supposed that the transmission is in good repair):
- First of all it is necessary to make check of level of a liquid in tank GTTS (Current leaving and service see the Head). In case of need execute corresponding updating, having added demanded quantity of a fresh hydraulic liquid of a demanded grade, and attentively examine system on presence of signs of leaks. At a devastation of the tank of the main cylinder it is necessary to remove air stoppers (see Has undressed Removal, service and installation of the executive cylinder of a drive of deenergizing of coupling) from a hydraulic path, then to check up serviceability of functioning of coupling;
- For an estimation of time of switching of coupling start the engine on normal turns of idling. Make sure that neutral transfer is included and release a coupling pedal. Squeeze out a pedal and, having waited for some seconds, include a reverse gear, - switching should not be accompanied by a gnash and other extraneous noise, with high degree of probability specifying in malfunction of a conducted disk or assemblage of a basket of coupling;
- For check of completeness of deenergizing of coupling cock a lay brake and start the engine. Keeping a coupling pedal at height about 13 mm over a floor, попереключайте a box between the first and back transfers. Presence of hindrances at lever switching speaks about malfunction of components of the mechanism of deenergizing. Estimate size of a course of a pusher of the executive cylinder of coupling, - at completely squeezed out pedal the pusher should be put forward on appreciable size, otherwise it is necessary to check up level of a hydraulic liquid in tank GTTS;
- Make visual check of a condition of axial plugs in the top part of a pedal of coupling. Make sure of absence of signs of jamming and excessive люфта axes;
- From under the car check up reliability of fixing of a plug of deenergizing of coupling on a finger of a spherical support.