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>> Combination of devices, measuring instruments, control lamps and light indicators
Combination of devices, measuring instruments, control lamps and light indicators
Combination of devices (petrol models)
Illumination of devices is activated at inclusion of running fires. Adjustment of intensity of illumination of devices is made by means of the handle located on the panel of devices to the left of a steering column. Press the handle so that it was put forward from the facing panel, and, rotating it in a demanded direction, adjust intensity of illumination. Having finished adjustment, drown the handle for the purpose of prevention of its casual rotation.
The handle of adjustment of intensity of illumination of devices
The speedometer is located in the central part of a combination of devices and shows speed of movement of the car in km/h (miles/ch).
In a speedometer dial are built in одометр and the counter of current run.
Одометр and the counter of current run
Одометр registers the general run of a vehicle from the moment of its input in operation.
The dumped counter of current run allows to trace kilometric area of a concrete trip of the car (from the moment of last zeroing of indications). Counter dump is carried out by pressing the corresponding button located from below to the right of a dial of a speedometer.
The tachometre is located to the left of a speedometer and shows frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine in thousand turns a minute, - the measuring instrument indication follows домножить on 1000.
The tachometre is intended for tracing of turns of the engine at a gear change (model with Manual transmission). Besides, the competent relation to using devices allows to avoid dangerous increase/fall of turns of the engine. Try not to suppose arrow hit in the range of a scale of a measuring instrument allocated with red colour.
The arrow of a tachometre can twitch slightly at поворачивании the ignition key in position ACC or ON at the working engine that is not a sign of malfunction and should not cause anxiety.
The index of a stock of fuel/temperature of a cooling liquid
The combined dial of indexes of a stock of fuel and temperature of a cooling liquid is located in the right part of a combination of devices and serves for visual monitoring of a stock of fuel remaining in a tank (the left measuring instrument) and temperatures of a cooling liquid of the engine (the right measuring instrument).
The error of indications of the index of a stock of fuel is minimum, when the car occupies strictly horizontal position, and increases at car movement on twisting or hilly roads. Index functioning does not depend on ignition key position. Label F corresponds to a condition of full refuelling, E - to an empty tank. When in a tank remains an order of 10 litres of fuel, the control lamp is activated corresponding built in in the bottom field of a combination of devices.
The index of temperature of a cooling liquid functions only at the included ignition. Moving of an arrow of the index to mark H specifies in a dangerous overheat of the engine, - in this case it is necessary to stop movement, to switch off К/В (if it has been included) and to wait engine cooling. Check up level of a cooling liquid, examine components of system of cooling on presence of signs of development of leaks, in case of need make corresponding corrections/add cooling liquid. If to establish the overheat reason independently it is not possible, the car should be driven away on HUNDRED for more detailed check and regenerative repair.
Control lamps and light indicators
The whole complex of control lamps and light indicators is built in assemblage of a combination of devices of the car (the Scheme of an arrangement of elements of management see the panel of devices an illustration and the central console) with which help the driver receives the important information on serviceability/infringement of functioning of the basic units and car systems.
Some control lamps are built in the corresponding switches located on the panel of devices and on the central console of the car.
At ignition inclusion are without fail activated, confirming serviceability of the condition, control lamps of pressure of oil, a charge, «Fasten belts», brake system, MIL («Check up the engine»), ABS and SRS, and two last die away after some seconds. Other lamps/indicators are activated only in case of fixing by corresponding system of the car of critical value of the under control parametre.
After realisation of start of the engine at the switched off additional systems on a combination of devices remain to burn only control lamp «Fasten belts» (until the driver's seat belt will not be clasped) and brake system (if the lay brake is cocked, or level of a brake liquid in tank GTTS has fallen below a critical mark).
Refusal any of the listed lamps from switching-off testifies to malfunction in corresponding under control system (greasings, a charge, brake, ABS, engine management).
The list and the description of the devices of control lamps built in in a combination and light indicators is more low resulted.
— Light indicators of indexes of turns and the alarm system.
Doubling of frequency of operation of indicators usually testifies to failure of a lamp one or several of indexes of turns.
— The light indicator of activation темпостата. It is used on models of a corresponding complete set, it is activated at inclusion of a control system by speed and dies away at its switching-off by any of ways (the Part Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems see).
— The light indicator of activation all-wheel drive (4WD) a mode, - confirms the input fact in gearing of gear wheels of a distributing box. Lights up at a choice of modes 4Н and 4L a distributing box and dies away at return of the handle of switching to position «2Н».
— A control lamp of system of antiblocking of brakes (ABS). It is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should die away after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of switching-off, and also its activation during movement testifies to infringement of serviceability of functioning ABS, - the car should be driven away immediately on HUNDRED companies KIA for carrying out of diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.
At the included control lamp the system of antiblocking of brakes will not operate, the brake system continues to function in a usual mode.
— The given light indicator is provided only on models with АТ and serves for acknowledgement of switching of transmission in a deduction mode (HOLD) (the Part Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems see).
— The indicator of activation of sports mode АТ.
Activation of mode HOLD leads to an automatic exit of transmission from a sports mode with switching-off of the corresponding indicator.
— A control lamp of pressure of impellent oil. Refusal of the given lamp of switching-off послед realisation of start of the engine, and also its activation during movement testify to dangerous pressure drop of impellent oil. It is necessary to stop immediately movement and to muffle the engine. Check up level of impellent oil, in case of need make corresponding updating. If the Control lamp works at normal level of oil, the car should be driven away on HUNDRED carrying out of more detailed diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.
— A control lamp of a charge. It is activated at inclusion of ignition and should die away after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of switching-off, and also its activation during movement testify to malfunction presence in charge system, - check up effort of a tension приводного a generator belt, in case of need make corresponding updating. If the belt is perfectly in order, it is necessary to drive away the car on HUNDRED for revealing and elimination of a cause of a failure.
By means of a generating belt the water pump in view of what its easing is interfaced to danger of an overheat of the engine is resulted also!
— A control lamp «Fasten belts« reminds the driver of necessity пристегивания a seat belt. The lamp is activated at inclusion of ignition and continues to burn until the buckle of a seat belt of a driver's seat will be latched.
Within first several seconds after ignition inclusion of necessity пристегивания seat belts will remind in addition a gong.
— A control lamp of low level of a brake liquid and refusals of brake system/indicator of raising of a lay brake. It is activated at ignition inclusion, should die away after realisation of start of the engine provided that the lay brake is released. At refusal of a lamp of switching-off, and also at its activation during movement it is necessary to stop and check up level of a brake liquid in tank GTTS, and also attentively to examine components of a hydraulic path of brake system on presence of leaks. In case of need eliminate the reasons of development of leaks and add in the tank a fresh liquid.
Movement on the car with faulty brake system is not admissible at all!
— A control lamp of the minimum stock of fuel. Specifies in decrease in level of fuel in a tank to the minimum value (less than 10) and reminds of necessity of refuelling.
— A control lamp of leaky closing of doors. It is activated in any position of the switch of ignition, no less than at the taken key and serves for the prevention of leaky closing of one or several doors of the car.
— The given light indicator serves for acknowledgement of activation of a headlight of headlights.
— Indicators of position of the lever of selector AT («Р», «R», «N», «D», «2» or «L») are used only on models with АТ and built in the bottom sector of a dial of indexes of a stock of fuel and engine temperature.
— The indicator of activation of heating of back glass.
Glass heating automatically is disconnected on a timer signal after approximately 15 minutes of continuous functioning of a heating element, and also at extraction of a key from the ignition lock.
— The control lamp of refusals (MIL / »Check up the engine») is activated at inclusion of ignition and should die away after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of switching-off, and also its activation during movement testifies to infringement of serviceability of functioning of a control system by the engine with record of corresponding code DTC in memory of the processor of system of onboard self-diagnostics (OBD).
Clearing of memory OBD can be made by a detachment of a negative wire from the storage battery for the period of not less than 30 seconds, - the lamp should go out.
— A control lamp of systems of additional safety (SRS). It is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should die away right after realisation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of switching-off, and also its activation during movement testify infringement of serviceability of a condition any of components SRS. Serviceability of operation of pillows of safety and emergency натяжителей seat belts in an emergency at the included control lamp is guaranteed cannot be, - the car should be driven away at the first possibility on HUNDRED for carrying out of necessary diagnostics of realisation of corresponding regenerative repair.
Sound indication is used (an alarm gong) in following cases:
- At not fastened seat belt of a driver's seat, - at inclusion of ignition the gong is activated approximately for 6 seconds;
- At opening of a driver's door in a case if the key is left in the ignition lock;
- At opening of a door driver's in a case if external lighting devices are left included.